Most drinkers do not realize that they are slowly becoming heavy drinkers. What would have been a social gathering turns into a drinking spree. They start becoming addicted to drinking alcohol. They crave for it. Unknowingly, they do not realize that they are jeopardizing their health, limbs and lives.
Common Health Issues of Alcohol Abuse
- Injuries – When a person is already intoxicated he is no longer careful and mindful of the risks he is taking. He believes he can take care of himself and will risk driving, resulting to motor accidents. Alcohol abuse can also lead to injuries like fall, drowning and burns.
- Violence – Alcohol abuse makes a person violent. He picks a fight with anyone. He is inclined to sexual assault and intimate partner violence. Most homicide cases are linked to alcohol intoxication.
- Suicidal tendencies – Heavy drinkers go through depression that would lead to suicide.
- Alcohol poisoning – This is an emergency medical condition that results from high alcohol levels in the blood.
- Risky sexual behaviors – When intoxicated, a person is no longer careful when having sexual activities with multiple partners. He indulges in sex without protection from sexually transmitted diseases. Thus he may suffer from HIV or AIDS.
- Miscarriages – Women who are heavy drinkers will suffer fetal alcohol spectrum disorders that may result to stillbirth and miscarriage. Pregnant women must avoid alcohol during their pregnancy period.
- Anemia – Too much alcohol in the body causes the oxygen-carrying red blood cells to decrease in an abnormal number. This is called anemia. There is a feeling of fatigue, shortness of breath and light-headedness.
- Dementia – As people grow older, it is normal for the brain to shrink. Heavy drinking speeds up the shrinking of some key regions of the brain that can result to memory loss and incapacitating deficits in the ability to make judgments, solve problems or make plans.
- Depression – It was believed that people who are depressed turned to alcohol in an attempt to overcome it and ease the emotional pain. But recent studies will show that heavy drinking causes depression. Heavy drinkers have the tendency to be depressed because they become emotionally low and sensitive.
- Gout – It is caused by the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints. Although studies will show that gout is hereditary, it will also show that alcohol can aggravate existing cases of gout.